“Do you know what it’s like for a Negro to be among the ‘conquerors’ instead of the defeated? We learned about it for the first time when we ‘occupied’ Germany and none of us ever got over it. We will never go back to the old way again.“
William Gardner Smith, Interview in the New York Post (September 1959)
"Ein Hauch von Freiheit" (Breath of Freedom)
December 16, 10:05pm CET on Arte
"Breath of Freedom: Black Soldiers and the Battle for Civil Rights" (narrated by Cuba Gooding, Jr.)
Premiers February 17, 8pm ET/PT on Smithsonian Channel
"Freed's enduring photos of march part of exhibit"
„Heldin des anderen Amerikas“
für Angela Davis, 1970–1973.
Martin Klimke, "The African American Civil Rights Struggle and Germany, 1945-1989," in: GHI Bulletin 43, Fall 2008, 91-106.
Christina Oppel, "W. E. B. Du Bois, Nazi Germany, and the Black Atlantic," in: Bulletin Supplement 5 (2008), 99-122.
Andrew Zimmerman, "Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee Institute, and the German Empire: Race and Cotton in the Black Atlantic," in: GHI Bulletin 43, Fall 2008, 9-20.
Books & Reference Guides
G.I.s in Germany: The American Military Presence, 1945-2000
by Thomas W. Maulucci, Jr. and Detlef Junker, eds.
(New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)
German and African American Crossovers: Two Centuries of Contact
by Larry A. Greene and Anke Ortlepp, eds.
(Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, under review)
Historical Justice in International Perspective: How Societies Are Trying to Right the Wrongs of the Past
by Manfred Berg and Bernd Schaefer, eds.
(New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008)
The American Military Presence and Civil-Military Relations in Germany: A Guide
by Theodor Scharnholz, ed.
(Reference Guide 16, 2003)